Sunday, 26 February 2012

The Death Penalty: my beleif, and the churchs teaching

I am against the death Penalty. I know that the last few Popes have been too. However, according to the Catechism of the Catholic church the death penalty is still acceptable:

2267 Assuming that the guilty party's identity and responsibility have been fully determined, the traditional teaching of the Church does not exclude recourse to the death penalty, if this is the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor.

However in 2267 it speaks about means of protection of a people without death to the aggressor.... in other words incarceration with dignity.

If, however, non-lethal means are sufficient to defend and protect people's safety from the aggressor, authority will limit itself to such means, as these are more in keeping with the concrete conditions of the common good and more in conformity to the dignity of the human person.

2268 and 2269 speaks some more on murder.

2268 The fifth commandment forbids direct and intentional killing as gravely sinful. The murderer and those who cooperate voluntarily in murder commit a sin that cries out to heaven for vengeance.

Infanticide, fratricide, parricide, and the murder of a spouse are especially grave crimes by reason of the natural bonds which they break. Concern for eugenics or public health cannot justify any murder, even if commanded by public authority.

2269 The fifth commandment forbids doing anything with the intention of indirectly bringing about a person's death. The moral law prohibits exposing someone to mortal danger without grave reason, as well as refusing assistance to a person in danger.

The acceptance by human society of murderous famines, without efforts to remedy them, is a scandalous injustice and a grave offense. Those whose usurious and avaricious dealings lead to the hunger and death of their brethren in the human family indirectly commit homicide, which is imputable to them.

Unintentional killing is not morally imputable. But one is not exonerated from grave offense if, without proportionate reasons, he has acted in a way that brings about someone's death, even without the intention to do so.

1 comment:

  1. Sean
    The position that is current is not infallible and furthermore implies in CCC #2267 that if you lock up murderers for life, society is protected. In the US most murders are unsolved which means you have only locked up under half the number of murderers in your country. Therefore you have not protected society as the catechism implies you have. The majority of murderers are on the streets on any given day. How do you deter the majority of murderers? Neither of the last two Popes have faced that question. Prison alone has not worked in Mexico, ElSalvador and Honduras....the last two are the two worst murder rate countries on earth (wiki). All three countries have no death penalty. Therefore if the Pope really believes the wording of CCC 2267...then he himself should consider recommending the death penalty to those three countries. "Image" is the reason he will not. For twenty years two Popes are trying to impress Europe that we are no longer the violent Church of the Inquisition. They have been doing that through this issue and that is why neither Pope has noticed the countries who have many murders and no death penalty. We had a 600 year papal mistake about burning heretics (see Exsurge Domine/ art.33 condemned/ by Pope Leo X). The current reversal of Church tradition on the death penalty is the beginning of another mistake that will last hundreds of years.